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1- 1. Department of Physical Education, Farhangian University, Tehran Nasibah Campus, Tehran, Iran
2- 2. Department of Cognitive and Behavioural Scinecnes in Sport, Faculty of Sport Sciences and Health, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran , shahzadtahmaseb@ut.ac.ir
Abstract:   (948 Views)
Previous research has indicated the effectiveness of parent-based and instructor-based interventions on children with developmental coordination disorder, but investigation of these two approaches in mentally retarded children has not been considered until. The purpose of this study was to compare the parent-based and instructor-based educational approach on motor proficiency and cognitive development of children aged 7 to 10 years with educable mentally retarded. 40 children with educable mental retardation in Jahrom city were selected by available sampling method and were divided into two experimental groups of parent-based (7.7±1.80) and instructor-based (8.10±0.91). In pre-test, participants performed a cognitive development test (my brain cognitive intervention software). After, all participants were tested motor proficiency (Bruininks Ozertsky) in school environment. The intervention for instructor-based group was done individually by the teacher in school and for the parent-based group, the intervention was done by parents at home. The intervention was performed for both experimental groups for 6 weeks and 3 sessions of 45 minutes each week. Analysis of variance was used to analyze the data. The results of data analysis showed that instructor-based exercises compared to parent-based exercises can improve motor proficiency, cognitive development (P≤0.05). Parent-based exercises can as well improve fine skills (P≤0.05).
Type of Study: Research | Subject: motor behavior
Received: 2023/04/22 | Accepted: 2024/04/3 | ePublished ahead of print: 2024/04/3

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