Volume 13, Issue 26 (12-2023)                   JRSM 2023, 13(26): 57-71 | Back to browse issues page

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moemeni S, dehghanizade A. Relationship Of Physical Activity During The COVID-19 Pandemic With Life Expectancy And Life Satisfaction Of Elderly. JRSM 2023; 13 (26) :57-71
URL: http://jrsm.khu.ac.ir/article-1-3172-en.html
1- Bu-Ali Sina University , sajad.moemeni@basu.ac.ir
2- Urmia University
Abstract:   (2829 Views)
The aim of this study was to investigate relationship of physical activity during the COVID-19 Pandemic with life expectancy and life satisfaction of elderly. Methodology was descriptive-correlational which was done cross-sectionally in the year 2021. Statistical population included all of elderly people aged ≥60 years in Hamadan city. The number of 391 people participated who were selected from public places in Hamadan city by using a convenience sampling method. Data were collected using International Physical Activity Questionnaire, Life Expectancy, and Life Satisfaction. Data were analyzed by SPSS 26 and Smart PLS 3 software and structural equation method. The average age of the participants was 67.73±7.18 years. Mean and standard deviation of life satisfaction and life expectancy were 18.18±6.56, 19.98±6.85, respectively. 54.2% of people had low level of physical activity, 37.6% Moderate level of physical activity, and 8.2% high levels of physical activity. Physical activity had a positive and significant effect on life satisfaction (p<0.01) and life expectancy (p<0.01). According to the results, if the elderly participate in the physical activities, the results will be increasing of life satisfaction and life expectancy During the COVID-19 Pandemic.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: motor behavior
Received: 2023/05/22 | Accepted: 2023/12/22 | ePublished ahead of print: 2023/12/22 | Published: 2023/12/29

References
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28. Craig CL, Marshall AL, Sjöström M, Bauman AE, Booth ML, Ainsworth BE, Pratt M, Ekelund UL, Yngve A, Sallis JF, Oja P. International physical activity questionnaire: 12-country reliability and validity. Medicine & science in sports & exercise. 2003 Aug 1;35(8):1381-95. [DOI:10.1249/01.MSS.0000078924.61453.FB]
29. Asadi Shavaki M, Salehi L. The Study of Physical Activity AmongElderly of Karaj City and its Relationship with Some the Demographic Factors. aumj. 2016; 5 (4) :259-266. (in Persian). [DOI:10.18869/acadpub.aums.5.4.259]
30. Snyder CR, Ritschel LA, Rand KL, Berg CJ. Balancing Psychological Assessments: Including Strengths and Hope in Client Reports. J Clin Psychol. 2006;62(1):33-46. [DOI:10.1002/jclp.20198]
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33. Xiao C, Beitler JJ, Higgins KA, Chico CE, Withycombe JS, Zhu Y, et al. Pilot study of combined aerobic and resistance exercise on fatigue for patients with head and neck cancer: Inflammatory and epigenetic changes. Brain Behav Immun. 2020; 88:184-92. [DOI:10.1016/j.bbi.2020.04.044]
34. Yousefi, B., Ahmadi, B., Ta'dibi, V. (2012). Pathways between physical activity with quality of life and life satisfaction among middle-aged female teachers in Kermanshah. Contemporary Studies On Sport Management, 2(3), 65-76. (in Persian).
35. Bagheri R, Ashraf Ganjouei F, Haji Anzaee Z. Investigation of the relationship between the body activities with life satisfaction amongst the youth who suffer from Multiple Sclerosis in Tehran. Journal of Public Health. 2014; 2 2): 47-51. (in Persian).
36. Moradi M, Navab E, Sharifi F, Namadi B, Rahimidoost M. The Effects of the COVID-19 Pandemic on the Elderly: A Systematic Review. Salmand: Iranian Journal of Ageing. 2021; 16 (1):2-29. (in Persian). [DOI:10.32598/sija.16.1.3106.1]
37. Labaf A, Jalili M, Jaafari Pooyan E, Mazinani M. Management of Covid-19 Crisis in Tehran University of Medical Sciences Hospitals: Challenges and Strategies. sjsph. 2021; 18 (4):355-372. (in Persian).
38. Hamidi, M., Najafi Jouybari, L. Model of educational sports development in education during health crises situation, Case study: COVID-19 pandemic. Research on ٍEducational Sport, 2020; 8(20): 17-32. (in Persian).
39. Voorhees E. Mitigating risk: A Delphi study identifying competencies in sport and event security management (Unpublished doctoral Dissertation). The University of Southern Mississippi, Hattiesburg, Mississippi, USA. 2018.
40. Shirvani H, Rostamkhani F. Exercise Considerations during Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Outbreak: A Narrative Review. J Mil Med. 2020; 22 (2):161-168. (in Persian).
41. Shahyad S, Mohammadi M T. Psychological Impacts of Covid-19 Outbreak on Mental Health Status of Society Individuals: A Narrative Review. J Mil Med. 2020; 22 (2):184-192. (in Persian).
42. Hosseini Moghaddam F, Amiri Delui M, Sadegh Moghadam L, Kameli F, Moradi M, Khajavian N, et al . Prevalence of Depression and its Related Factors during the COVID-19 Quarantine among the Elderly in Iran. Salmand: Iranian Journal of Ageing. 2021; 16 (1) :140-151. (in Persian). [DOI:10.32598/sija.16.1.2850.1]
43. Javadi SM, Nateghi N. COVID-19 and its psychological effects on the elderly population. Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness. 2020 Jun; 14(3):e40-1. (in Persian). [DOI:10.1017/dmp.2020.245]
44. Zeraat Herfeh, F., Ahmadian Ranjbar, R. Negative Consequences of COVID-19 Pandemic on the Life of the Elderly: A Qualitative Study. Aging Psychology, 2021; 7(2): 93-106. (in Persian).
45. Naeimikia, M., Gholami, A. Effect of Physical Activity on the Level of Perceived Mental Pressure during Home Quarantine due to Coronavirus Outbreak. The Scientific Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, 2020; 9(3): 217-224.
46. Negarestani M, Rashedi V, Mohamadzadeh M, Borhaninejad V. Psychological Effect of Media Use on Mental Health of Older Adults during the COVID-19 Pandemic. Salmand: Iranian Journal of Ageing. 2021; 16 (1) :74-85. (in Persian). [DOI:10.32598/sija.16.1.1116.6]
47. Oraki M, Mehdizadeh A, Dortaj A. The Effectiveness of Self-care Empowerment Training on Life Expectancy, Happiness and Quality of Life of the Elderly in Iranian Elderly Care Centers in Dubai. Salmand: Iranian Journal of Ageing. 2019; 14 (3) :320-331
48. Meng H, Xu Y, Dai J, Zhang Y, Liu B, Yang H. Analyze the psychological impact of COVID-19 among the elderly population in China and make corresponding suggestions. Psychiatry research. 2020 Jul; 289:112983. [DOI:10.1016/j.psychres.2020.112983]
49. Bahrami, F., Zahedi, Y. The Effectiveness of Group Dialectical Behavioral Therapy on Increasing the Life Expectancy and Resilience of Exceptional Children's Mothers. Counseling Culture and Psycotherapy, 2018; 9(35): 171-189. (in Persian).
50. Nedaei T, Eyn Ali Harmooshi Z. Modeling the Types of Physical Activity on Quality of Life, Life Expectancy and Life Satisfaction in Female Teachers; a Case Study of Qom City. Journal of Education and Community Health. 2020;7(3):213-220. (in Persian). [DOI:10.29252/jech.7.3.213]
51. Latifi Z, Kiani M, Yousefi Z. The Structural Equation Modeling of the Older People's Life Expectancy Based on the Anxiety Sensitivity, Social Support, and Pain Perception. Salmand: Iranian Journal of Ageing. 2019; 14 (2) :188-199. (in Persian).
52. White RL, Babic MJ, Parker PD, Lubans DR, Astell-Burt T, Lonsdale C. Domain-specific physical activity and mental health: a meta-analysis. American journal of preventive medicine. 2017 May 1;52(5):653-66. [DOI:10.1016/j.amepre.2016.12.008]
53. Azadmarzabadi E, Niknafs S. Physical activity, life satisfaction and their role in job stress of military staff. Journal of Iran Occupational Health. 2015; 12 (4): 21-30. (in Persian).
54. Rezaei S, Esmaeili M. The effect of physical activities on the quality of life, hope and life satisfaction among the elderly in Ilam city. joge. 2017; 2 (2) :29-40. (in Persian). [DOI:10.29252/joge.2.1.29]
55. Carter SJ, Baranauskas MN, Fly AD. Considerations for Obesity, Vitamin D, and Physical Activity Amid the COVID‐19 Pandemic. Obesity. 2020; 28(7): 1176-1177. [DOI:10.1002/oby.22838]
56. Schinke R, Papaioannou A, Henriksen K, Si G, Zhang L, Haberl P. Sport psychology services to high performance athletes during COVID-19.Internatinal Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology. 2020 Apr. 1; 18 (3): 269-272. [DOI:10.1080/1612197X.2020.1754616]
57. Ahmadi Hekmatikar AH, Molanouri Shamsi M. Effect of Exercise on Immunological Indicators During the COVID-19 Pandemic. Journal of Arak University of Medical Sciences (JAMS). 2020; 23(5):584-603. (in Persian). [DOI:10.32598/JAMS.23.COV.6277.1]
58. Saberi, A., goodarzi, S., Asgarigandomani, R. The effect of social capital on coronavirus anxiety among three groups of the elderly based on physical activity before and after social distance. Social Capital Management, 2020; (): -. doi: 10.22059/jscm.2020.303721.2015. (in Persian).
59. Sanaei M, Zartoshtian Sh, Sayedhosseini R. Effects of physical activity on the quality of life and the life expectancy among the elderly in Mazandaran Province. J Sport Manag. 2013;5(17):137-57. (in Persian).
60. Keeler M, Jack M, Tian H. The Impact of Functional Status on Life Expectancy in Older Persons. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2010; 65 (7):727-733. [DOI:10.1093/gerona/glq029]
61. Hoppmann CA, Gerstorf D, Smith J, Klumb PL. Linking possible selves and behavior: do domain-specific hopes and fears translate into daily activities in very old age. J Gerontol B Sci Soc Sci. 2007;62(2):104-11. [DOI:10.1093/geronb/62.2.P104]
62. Wood V, Wylie ML, Sheafor B. An analysis of a short self-report measure of life satisfaction: correlation with rater judgments. Journal of Gerontology. 1969(24):465-9. [DOI:10.1093/geronj/24.4.465]
63. Sadegh Moghaddam, L., Delshad Novbaghi, A., Farhadi, A., Nazari, S., Eshghizadeh, M., Chopan Vafa, F., Niazi Ivari, M. Life Satisfaction in older adults: Role of Perceived Social Support. Journal of Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences, 2016; 22(6): 1043-1051. (in Persian).
64. Craig CL, Marshall AL, Sjöström M, Bauman AE, Booth ML, Ainsworth BE, Pratt M, Ekelund UL, Yngve A, Sallis JF, Oja P. International physical activity questionnaire: 12-country reliability and validity. Medicine & science in sports & exercise. 2003 Aug 1;35(8):1381-95. [DOI:10.1249/01.MSS.0000078924.61453.FB]
65. Asadi Shavaki M, Salehi L. The Study of Physical Activity AmongElderly of Karaj City and its Relationship with Some the Demographic Factors. aumj. 2016; 5 (4) :259-266. (in Persian). [DOI:10.18869/acadpub.aums.5.4.259]
66. Snyder CR, Ritschel LA, Rand KL, Berg CJ. Balancing Psychological Assessments: Including Strengths and Hope in Client Reports. J Clin Psychol. 2006;62(1):33-46. [DOI:10.1002/jclp.20198]
67. Fornell C, Larcker DF. Evaluating structural equation models with unobservable variables and measurement error. Journal of marketing research. 1981 Feb;18(1):39-50. [DOI:10.1177/002224378101800104]
68. Mohsenin Sh, Esfidani M R. Structural equations based on the partial least squares approach using Smart-PLS software: educational and practical.Tehran, Mehraban Book Publishing Institute, 2014, p 154-155. (in Persian).
69. Xiao C, Beitler JJ, Higgins KA, Chico CE, Withycombe JS, Zhu Y, et al. Pilot study of combined aerobic and resistance exercise on fatigue for patients with head and neck cancer: Inflammatory and epigenetic changes. Brain Behav Immun. 2020; 88:184-92. [DOI:10.1016/j.bbi.2020.04.044]
70. Yousefi, B., Ahmadi, B., Ta'dibi, V. (2012). Pathways between physical activity with quality of life and life satisfaction among middle-aged female teachers in Kermanshah. Contemporary Studies On Sport Management, 2(3), 65-76. (in Persian).
71. Bagheri R, Ashraf Ganjouei F, Haji Anzaee Z. Investigation of the relationship between the body activities with life satisfaction amongst the youth who suffer from Multiple Sclerosis in Tehran. Journal of Public Health. 2014; 2 2): 47-51. (in Persian).
72. Moradi M, Navab E, Sharifi F, Namadi B, Rahimidoost M. The Effects of the COVID-19 Pandemic on the Elderly: A Systematic Review. Salmand: Iranian Journal of Ageing. 2021; 16 (1):2-29. (in Persian). [DOI:10.32598/sija.16.1.3106.1]

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