دوره 10، شماره 20 - ( 9-1399 )                   جلد 10 شماره 20 صفحات 1-16 | برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها

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Asadi A, Sheikh M, Hoomanian D, Rafiei S. The Effect of Attentional Focus on Gaze Behavior and Accuracy of Dart Throwing: The Attentional Task Demands Problem. JRSM. 2020; 10 (20) :1-16
URL: http://jrsm.khu.ac.ir/article-1-2814-fa.html
اسدی ایوب، شیخ محمود، حومنیان داوود، رفیعی صالح. تاثیر کانون توجه بر رفتار خیرگی و دقت پرتاب دارت: مسئله نیازهای توجهی تکلیف. پژوهش در مدیریت ورزشی و رفتار حرکتی. 1399; 10 (20) :1-16

URL: http://jrsm.khu.ac.ir/article-1-2814-fa.html


1- دانشگاه تهران
2- دانشگاه تهران ، prosheikh@yahoo.com
3- پژوهشگاه علوم ورزشی
چکیده:   (79 مشاهده)
کانون توجه و چشم ساکن از متغیرهای اثرگذار بر عملکرد تکالیف پرتابی در طول دهه های اخیر همواره مورد علاقه محققان روانشناسی و علوم ورزشی بوده است. هدف از پژوهش حاضر بررسی اثربخشی دستورالعمل های توجهی بر عملکرد خیرگی (چشم ساکن) و دقت پرتاب دارت افراد مبتدی در دو بار تکلیف بالا و پایین بود. در یک طرح نیمه تجربی با اندازه گیری تکراری شرکت کنندگان مهارت پرتاب دارت را در سه شرایط توجهی (درونی، بیرونی و کنترل) در دو بار تکلیفی مختلف (پایین و بالا) انجام دادند. نتایج نشان داد توجه بیرونی در بار تکلیف بالا موجب بهبود دقت پرتاب دارت در مقایسه با توجه درونی شد؛ در صورتی که برای تکلیف بار پایین تفاوت معنی داری بین شرایط توجهی دیده نشد. برای متغیر چشم ساکن نیز هیچ کدام از اثرات توجه، بار تکلیف و تعامل آنها معنی دار نبود. نتایج پژوهش در بعد عملکرد از فرضیه عمل محدود شده حمایت کرد؛ و در تضاد با فرضیه پردازش هوشیارانه بود. همچنین نتایج در بعد رفتار خیرگی چندین زمینه جالب برای تحقیقات آینده پیشنهاد کرد.
متن کامل [PDF 810 kb]   (14 دریافت)    
نوع مطالعه: كاربردي | موضوع مقاله: رفتار حرکتی
دریافت: 1397/11/28 | پذیرش: 1398/7/2 | انتشار: 1399/9/10

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