Volume 10, Issue 20 (11-2020)                   JRSM 2020, 10(20): 124-137 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Yaali R, Oftadeh S, Mahmoodi A. Focus of Attention: a Challenge on Predicting Constrained Action Hypothesis. JRSM 2020; 10 (20) :124-137
URL: http://jrsm.khu.ac.ir/article-1-2484-en.html
1- kharazmi university , r.yaali@gmail.com
2- kharazmi university
Abstract:   (3127 Views)

Focus of attention instruction has a great influence on performance and learning. The purpose of this study was to examine the predicted constrained action hypothesis in badminton backhand serv. 30 women student participants from physical education classes of University of Kharazmi are selected as sample. Participants are tested in probe task at different stage of serve after identifying base of reaction time, and level of attention demanding of different parts was measured. Then participants divided into two groups (internal and external focus of attention) and they are tested with their specific instruction again. The results revealed that first stage of serve has the most attention need (p<0/001), but there is not any difference between two groups and different serve stage in the effect of focus of attention type. Accordance with these results the constrained action hypothesis at discrete skills is not confirmed.

Full-Text [PDF 872 kb]   (810 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: motor behavior
Received: 2017/05/13 | Accepted: 2020/10/24 | ePublished ahead of print: 2020/10/24 | Published: 2020/11/30

1. 1.Ducharme SW, Wu WF, Lim K, Porter JM, Geraldo F. Standing long jump performance with an external focus of attention is improved as a result of a more effective projection angle. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research. 2016 Jan 1;30(1):276-81. [DOI:10.1519/JSC.0000000000001050]
2. Bell JJ, Hardy J. Effects of attentional focus on skilled performance in golf. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology. 2009 May 6;21(2):163-77. [DOI:10.1080/10413200902795323]
3. Lohse K, Sherwood DE. Defining the focus of attention: effects of attention on perceived exertion and fatigue. Frontiers in psychology. 2011 Nov 14;2:332. [DOI:10.3389/fpsyg.2011.00332]
4. Porter JM, Ostrowski EJ, Nolan RP, Wu WF. Standing long-jump performance is enhanced when using an external focus of attention. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research. 2010 Jul 1;24(7):1746-50. [DOI:10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181df7fbf]
5. Wulf G, McNevin N, Shea CH. The automaticity of complex motor skill learning as a function of attentional focus. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology Section A. 2001 Nov;54(4):1143-54. [DOI:10.1080/713756012]
6. Wulf G, Lewthwaite R. Effortless motor learning? An external focus of attention enhances movement effectiveness and efficiency. Effortless attention: A new perspective in attention and action. 2010 Apr 9:75-101. [DOI:10.7551/mitpress/9780262013840.003.0004]
7. Rose DJ, Christina RW. Attention demands of precision pistol-shooting as a function of skill level. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport. 1990 Mar 1;61(1):111-3. [DOI:10.1080/02701367.1990.10607488]
8. Yaali R., Bahram A., Farrokhi A., Movahedi AR. Determining of the attention demanding in the Badminton Smash Hit. Journal of sport management and motor behavior. 2013; 9;17. 47-58. (in Persian)
9. Castiello U, Umiltà C. Temporal dimensions of mental effort in different sports. International Journal of Sport Psychology. 1988.
10. Price JL. Accuracy of free throw shooting during dual-task performance: Implications of attentional disruption on performance. The University of North Carolina at Greensboro; 2008.
11. Salehi H, Ghazanfari A, Movahedi AR, Nezakat Alhosseini M. Time course of attention during a volleyball jumping-serve using a dual-task paradigm.
12. Carr BM, Etnier JL, Fisher KM. Examining the time course of attention in a soccer kick using a dual task paradigm. Human movement science. 2013 Feb 1;32(1):240-8. [DOI:10.1016/j.humov.2012.12.006]
13. Czech DR, Ploszay AJ, Burke KL. An examination of the maintenance of preshot routines in basketball free throw shooting. Journal of Sport Behavior. 2004 Dec 1;27(4):323.
14. Mccann P, Lavallee D, Lavallee R. The effect of pre-shot routines on golf wedge shot performance. European Journal of Sport Science. 2001 Dec 1;1(5):1-0. [DOI:10.1080/17461390100071503]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2024 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Research in Sport Management and Motor Behavior

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb